Feb 19, 2020  
2019 - 2020 Cowley College Academic Catalog 
2019 - 2020 Cowley College Academic Catalog



3 Credit Hours

Student Level:

This course is open to students on the college level in either the freshman or sophomore year.

Catalog Description:
ALH6396 - Introduction to Exercise Science (3 hrs)

This is a basic course in exercise science, training theory and cardiovascular development. It will provide the knowledge and inspire the understanding of exercise physiology necessary to organize and teach safe, effective physical education, physical fitness, and athletic programs.

Course Classification:




Controlling Purpose:

This course is designed to provide experiences that will help the student become more aware of his or her own level of physical fitness/wellness and extend that awareness to application of fitness/wellness programming techniques and knowledge to others. 

Learner Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, the student will have developed a more in-depth scientific background and understanding of some of the physiological functions of the body and the role that physical activity has in influencing these functions.  Furthermore, the student will be better informed as to how to measure his or her own as well as other’s fitness and performance levels.  The student will also understand how much of this information has been obtained, its accuracy, and possible errors that can be obtained in determining various physiological parameters. 

Unit Outcomes for Criterion Based Evaluation:

The following defines the minimum core content not including the final examination period. Instructors may add other content as time allows.

UNIT 1:  The Essentials of Movement

Outcomes:  The student will gain an understanding of how the human body maneuvers using the skeletal and neuromuscular systems, and how they adapt.

  • Describe the structure and function of skeletal muscle.
  • Understand the neuromuscular adaptations to resistance training.
  • Explain resistance training and gains in muscular fitness.
  • List the organization of the nervous system.
  • Discuss the nervous system as a whole and its two components.

UNIT 2:  The Energy for Movement

Outcomes:  The student will understand the basic knowledge for the energy systems and how they adapt to training.

  • Describe the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.
  • Understand how to manipulate the two different energy systems.
  • Compare and contrast the differences between in aerobic and anaerobic training.
  • Analyze energy expenditure at rest and during exercise.
  • Detect hormonal effects on metabolism and energy from exercise.

UNIT 3:  Cardiovascular, Respiratory Function and Performance

Outcomes:  The student will gain an understanding of cardiovascular and respiratory regulation during exercise.

  • Understand the transportation of oxygen and carbon dioxide along with gas exchange in the muscles.
  • Explain structure and function of the cardiovascular system.
  • Understand how one can enhance his or her cardiorespiratory fitness through exercise.
  • Evaluate a person’s cardiovascular endurance capacity.
  • Track long-term improvement in cardiorespiratory endurance.
  • Explain the respiratory and metabolic adaptations to training.

UNIT 4:  Environmental Influences on Performance

Outcomes:  The student will be able to describe the different environmental influences that are associated with different climates.

  • Understand physiological responses to exercise in the heat and cold.
  • Compare and contrast the differences in exercising at altitude, underwater and in space.
  • Distinguish the health risks associated with exercising in the heat and cold.

UNIT 5:  Optimizing Performance in Sport

Outcomes:  The student will gain an understanding of the different theories of training in sport.

  • Explain the role of training for specific sports.
  • Recognize the relationship between nutrition and sport.
  • Define overtraining, detraining and retraining.
  • Assess body weight, body composition and body size.
  • Differentiate between pharmacological, hormonal, physiological and nutritional agents utilized in optimizing performance in sport.
  • Evaluate water and electrolyte balance.
  • Understand tapering for peak performance.

UNIT 6:  Age and Gender Considerations in Sport and Exercise

Outcomes:  The student will understand age and gender differences associated with exercise.

  • Describe body composition, growth and development of tissues.
  • Explain physiological adaptations to exercise training.
  • Understand the gender differences in sport and exercise.
  • Examine the growth from childhood to adolescent in sport and exercise.

Projects Required:

Projects may vary according to the instructor.


Contact Bookstore for current textbook.

Materials/Equipment Required:

Computer and calculator.

Attendance Policy:

Students should adhere to the attendance policy outlined by the instructor in the course syllabus.

Grading Policy:

The grading policy will be outlined by the instructor in the course syllabus.

Maximum class size:

Based on classroom occupancy

Course Timeframe:

The U.S. Department of Education, Higher Learning Commission and the Kansas Board of Regents define credit hour and have specific regulations that the college must follow when developing, teaching and assessing the educational aspects of the college. A credit hour is an amount of work represented in intended learning outcomes and verified by evidence of student achievement that is an institutionally-established equivalency that reasonably approximates not less than one hour of classroom or direct faculty instruction and a minimum of two hours of out-of-class student work for approximately fifteen weeks for one semester hour of credit or an equivalent amount of work over a different amount of time. The number of semester hours of credit allowed for each distance education or blended hybrid courses shall be assigned by the college based on the amount of time needed to achieve the same course outcomes in a purely face-to-face format.

Refer to the following policies:

402.00 Academic Code of Conduct

263.00 Student Appeal of Course Grades

403.00 Student Code of Conduct

Disability Services Program: 

Cowley College, in recognition of state and federal laws, will accommodate a student with a documented disability. If a student has a disability which may impact work in this class and which requires accommodations, contact the Disability Services Coordinator.