HER5220 PRINCIPLES OF NUTRITION
3 Credit Hours
This course is open to students on the college level in either the freshman or sophomore year and to area high school students.
HER 5220 - Principles Of Nutrition (3 hrs)
A study of the health of the individual as related to food and its assimilation in the human body. Principles of normal nutrition, food values, and adequate nutrient allowances for growth and maintenance will be examined.
This course is designed to help students increase their knowledge concerning their personal state of nutrition using self studies and computer analysis. Upon completion of this course the student will be able to evaluate a person’s state of nutrition considering the impact of social, scientific, psychological, political, and environmental influences upon eating patterns and habits.
Unit Outcomes for Criterion Based Evaluation:
The following defines the minimum core content not including the final examination period. Instructors may add other content as time allows.
UNIT: I (Introduction)
Outcomes: The student will gain an understanding of the basic principles of nutrition.
- Understand personal needs for nutrients and the combination of foods to meet the needs.
- Identify combinations of foods to meet individual needs.
- Set goals for meeting RDA of nutrients.
- Differentiate between fallacies, facts, and myths.
- Demonstrate food safety procedures.
- Plan and analyze 24 hour menu for specific age and gender.
- Identify differences in eating habits.
- Describe different views regarding influence diet exerts on health and disease.
- Identify and evaluate personal nutrition standards and guidelines
- Describe the process by which scientists uncover nutrition facts.
- List the six classes of nutrition including which are organic and which are energy-producing.
- Differentiate between those diseases that are strongly influenced by diet and those not responsive to nutrition.
- Distinguish valid nutrition information from misinformation.
- Compare and contrast various nutrition guidelines established by the Daily Food Guide, the Food Guide Pyramid and the Vegetarian Pyramid.
Nutritional Problem Solving
Outcomes: The student will gain an appreciation of how to identify and solve nutritional problems.
- Set the goals or standards for health maintenance by nutritional standards.
- Determine specific activities to accomplish a task and order of procedures to accomplish the task.
- Explain how supply and demand of food impacts optimal health.
- Explain how life-styles influence eating habits/trends.
- Nutrition decision making/problem solving
- Recognize or identify the existence of a nutritional problem given a specific set of facts.
- Ask appropriate questions to identify or verify the existence of a problem.
- Enumerate the possible causes of a problem.
- Identify methods for eliminating the causes of a problem.
- Identify important information needed to solve a problem and generate alternative solutions to a problem.
- Select a solution that represents the best course of action to pursue.
- Assess and evaluate the effectiveness of the chosen solution.
- Research of problem/conflict conditions; identify interests of parties involved; clarify the problem conflict; resolve the problem/conflict by a mutually agreeable solution; evaluate the solution.
UNIT II: Remarkable Body
Outcomes: The student an overview of the human body with an emphasis placed on cellular function.
- Identify and describe three factors necessary to ensure efficient circulation of fluids to all body cells
- Differentiate between functions of glands and hormones.
- Differentiate between mechanical and chemical aspects of digestion.
- Identify the basic needs of cells and describe how cells are organized into tissues, organs, and systems.
- Describe the major functions of the cardiovascular, hormonal, nervous, digestive and excretory systems.
- Discuss the mechanical/chemical digestive processes and the absorption, transportation, and storage of nutrients.
UNIT III: Nutrients: Carbohydrates
Outcomes: The student will gain an understanding of carbohydrates and the role they play in nutrition.
- Identify carbohydrate categories. (Plan two 24 hour menus and analyze the carbohydrates.)
- Estimate nutrients in foods.
- Compute nutrients in foods.
- Compare and contrast nutrient needs for different age groups.
- Identify carbohydrate fallacies and facts
- Analyze food labels for carbohydrate content.
- Distinguish valid nutrition information from misinformation.
- Identify and list characteristics of diabetes, hypoglycemia and lactose intolerance and their relationship to carbohydrate intake.
UNIT IV: Lipids
Outcomes: The student will gain an understanding of lipids and the role they play in nutrition and health.
- Identify categories of lipids. Identify personal needs for lipids.
- Differentiate between lipids and cholesterol.
- Identify foods that provide essential fatty acids.
- Analyze food labels for lipid content.
- Explain the way lipids are useful, both in foods and in the body.
- Explain why manufacturers frequently hydrogenate fats and the possible health implications of consuming the trans-fatty acids formed during hydrogenation.
- List the arguments for and against the use of fat replacers.
UNIT V: Proteins
Outcomes: The student will gain an understanding of proteins and the role they play in nutrition.
- Classify amino acids in essential and nonessential categories.
- Analyze food labels for protein content.
- Identify RDA for protein for age and gender
- Explain the rolls of proteins in the body.
- Describe the consequences of both protein deficiency and protein excess.
- Compare the positive health aspects of a vegetarian diet with those of a diet that includes meat and describe ways each diet can include adequate nutrients.
UNIT VI: Energy Balance/Weight Control/Physical Activity
Outcomes: The student will understand the variables that affect nutritional needs based on energy requirements and how these affect the human body.
- Calculate individual’s body mass index (BMI).
- Calculate adequate energy needs.
- Record three 24 hour recalls of food ingested and physical activity expended.
- Compute nutrients received.
- Compute physical activities expended.
- Recommend action to bring nutrients and activities into balance.
- List and define the three components of the body’s energy budget.
- Summarize the recommended strategies to promote weight control and understand the role surgery and pills play in this attempt.
- Identify personal guidelines for regular physical activity for the body.
- Define and describe eating disorders and explain the physical harm that occurs as a result of these behaviors.
UNIT VII: Disease Prevention
Outcomes: The student will understand how nutrition affects health and disease prevention.
- Determine nutritional (RDA) needs to maximize disease prevention
- Identify foods to provide nutrients for disease prevention.
- Discuss the strategies that can be used to reduce the risks of cardiovascular disease and hypertension.
- Describe the process by which cancer develops and explain known effects of food constituents on cancer development.
UNIT VIII: Vitamin/Mineral/Water
Outcomes: The student will study vitamin, mineral and water requirements for different age and gender groups.
- Analyze RDA for age and gender.
- Plan three day menu utilizing vitamins and minerals.
- Identify safe water sources available in students’ areas.
- List the major roles and important deficiency and toxicity symptoms for each major and trace minerals.
- Evaluate claims made for calcium in preventing osteoporosis.
UNIT IX: Application of Nutrition Principles
Outcomes: The student will apply nutritional knowledge to critically examine issues in nutrition.
- Examine published menus.
- Compute nutrient surplus and deficiencies.
- Identify and analyze nutritional states for a specific population.
- Recommend proper action to be taken in receiving RDAs (age and gender specific, mother and infant, children, teen, and older adult).
- Develop an activity (game, check sheet to demonstrate application of nutrition principles.
- Research examples of some common nutrient-drug interactions.
- Describe special nutritional needs of older adults and the suspected connections between diet and disease.
Unit X: Food Technology and Safety
Outcomes: The student will gain an academic and practical understanding of food technology and safety.
- Identify errors in food preparation.
- Demonstrate proper safety measures.
- Analyze the role of chemicals/additives in the food supply.
- Describe how microbial food poisoning can be prevented and indicate which foods are particularly troublesome.
- List major food processing techniques and explain the effect they have on the nutrients content of foods.
UNIT XI: Global Nutrition
Outcomes: The student will gain an understanding of US foodways and be able to discuss global nutrition.
- Examine U.S. Foodways.
- Evaluate global nutrition.
Contact Bookstore for current textbook.
Students should adhere to the attendance policy outlined by the instructor in the course syllabus.
The grading policy will be outlined by the instructor in the course syllabus.
Maximum class size:
Based on classroom occupancy
The U.S. Department of Education, Higher Learning Commission and the Kansas Board of Regents define credit hour and have specific regulations that the college must follow when developing, teaching and assessing the educational aspects of the college. A credit hour is an amount of work represented in intended learning outcomes and verified by evidence of student achievement that is an institutionally-established equivalency that reasonably approximates not less than one hour of classroom or direct faculty instruction and a minimum of two hours of out-of-class student work for approximately fifteen weeks for one semester hour of credit or an equivalent amount of work over a different amount of time. The number of semester hours of credit allowed for each distance education or blended hybrid courses shall be assigned by the college based on the amount of time needed to achieve the same course outcomes in a purely face-to-face format.
Refer to the following policies:
402.00 Academic Code of Conduct
263.00 Student Appeal of Course Grades
403.00 Student Code of Conduct
Disability Services Program:
Cowley College, in recognition of state and federal laws, will accommodate a student with a documented disability. If a student has a disability which may impact work in this class and which requires accommodations, contact the Disability Services Coordinator.